The following therapeutic approaches and techniques may be utilized throughout counseling sessions, based on the needs of the individual. Including, but not limited to:

Play Therapy

Play therapy is a form of psychotherapy that uses play to help children communicate their feelings and experiences. It is based on the idea that children naturally express themselves through play, and that by engaging in play, they can work through difficult emotions and experiences. Play therapy can be used to help children with a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and behavioral problems. A trained play therapist creates a safe and supportive environment for the child to play and express themselves, while also guiding and facilitating the therapeutic process. Play therapy has been shown to be effective in helping children cope with and overcome a range of challenges. Visit The Association for Play Therapy for more information.

Sand Tray Therapy

Sand Tray Therapy is a form of expressive therapy that involves the use of a tray filled with sand and miniature objects. It is often used with children, but can also be helpful for adults. The client is invited to create a world in the sand tray using the objects provided, and the therapist then helps the client explore and process their thoughts, feelings, and experiences through their creation. Sand Tray Therapy can be a powerful tool for self-discovery, healing, and growth, as it allows clients to access their subconscious and express themselves in a non-verbal way. Visit Psychology Today for more information on Sand Tray Therapy.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on changing negative patterns of thinking and behavior. It is based on the idea that how we think, feel, and behave are interconnected and that by changing one, we can positively impact the others. CBT is often used to treat anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions. It typically involves a structured, goal-oriented approach that helps individuals identify and challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, develop coping strategies, and learn new skills to improve their mood and overall well-being. CBT has been shown to be effective in numerous studies and is often used in combination with medication for optimal results. Visit The Cleveland Clinic for more information.

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT)

TF-CBT is an evidence-based treatment for children and adolescents impacted by trauma and their parents or caregivers. It is a components-based treatment model that incorporates trauma-sensitive interventions with cognitive behavioral, family, and humanistic principles and techniques. TF-CBT has proved successful with children and adolescents (ages 3 to 18) who have significant emotional problems (e.g., symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, fear, anxiety, or depression) related to traumatic life events. It can be used with children and adolescents who have experienced a single trauma or multiple traumas in their lives. Visit Oklahoma TF-CBD for more information.

Seeking Safety

Seeking Safety is a treatment program developed to help individuals who struggle with trauma and substance abuse. It is a present-focused program that emphasizes safety and coping skills. The program is based on the idea that substance abuse and trauma are often connected, and that addressing both issues at the same time can lead to better outcomes. The program consists of 25 topics, which can be completed in any order. Each topic includes education, coping skills, and exercises to help individuals learn how to cope with trauma in a healthy way. Seeking Safety has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of trauma and substance abuse. "SEEKING SAFETY: COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR PTSD AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE". BY LISA M. NAJAVITS, PH.D.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that was originally developed to help individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, DBT has since been found to be helpful for a variety of mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders. DBT focuses on teaching individuals skills to help them regulate their emotions, cope with stress and improve their interpersonal relationships. One of the unique aspects of DBT is its emphasis on mindfulness, which involves being present in the moment and observing one's thoughts and feelings without judgment. DBT also teaches skills related to distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness. Overall, DBT is a comprehensive approach to treatment that can be helpful for individuals struggling with a range of mental health conditions. DBT Skills Training Manual (2014) by Marsha Linehan

Person-Centered Therapy Approach

Person-centered therapy is an approach to therapy that is centered around the individual. Unlike other forms of therapy, the focus is on the person and their experiences, rather than on the therapist or the therapy itself. The goal of person-centered therapy is to help the person develop a greater sense of self-awareness and to empower them to find their own solutions to their problems. The therapist acts as a guide, offering support and empathy, but ultimately it is up to the person to decide what is best for them. This approach can be particularly helpful for individuals who are struggling with issues such as anxiety, depression, or relationship problems. Visit Psychology Today for more information.

Solution Focused Brief Therapy

Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) is a type of therapy that focuses on finding solutions to a client's problems instead of examining the causes. It is a short-term therapy that typically lasts between 3-12 sessions. SFBT is goal-oriented and focuses on the client's strengths and resources to help them achieve their desired outcome. The therapist works collaboratively with the client to identify their goals and create a plan to achieve them. SFBT is effective for a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, and relationship problems. It is a practical and positive approach that can help clients make significant progress in a short amount of time.

Visit The Institution for Solution-Focused Therapy for more information.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy

Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) is a form of counseling that helps individuals to strengthen their motivation and commitment to change problematic behaviors. MET is typically used in the treatment of substance use disorders, but it can also be used to address other issues like gambling, disordered eating, and other compulsive behaviors. The therapy is based on the idea that people are more likely to change their behavior when they feel that change is important, achievable, and supported by their social environment. MET involves a collaborative process between the therapist and the client, and it typically consists of four sessions that focus on building a strong motivation for change. During the sessions, the therapist uses techniques like reflective listening, feedback, and goal-setting to help the client identify their reasons for wanting to change, and to develop a plan for achieving their goals. MET has been shown to be effective in helping individuals to reduce substance use, improve treatment engagement, and increase participation in aftercare programs. Visit Columbia Doctors for more information.


Psychotherapy is a form of mental health treatment that involves talking with a trained mental health professional. The goal of psychotherapy is to help individuals improve their mental health and well-being by addressing emotional and behavioral issues that may be causing distress. Psychotherapy can be useful for a variety of mental health concerns, including anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship issues. There are many different types of psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and humanistic therapy. It is important to find a therapist who is a good fit for your needs and goals. Visit the National Institute of Mental Health for more information.

Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR)

EMDR is a structured therapy that encourages the patient to focus briefly on the trauma memory while simultaneously experiencing bilateral stimulation (typically eye movements), which is associated with a reduction in the vividness and emotion associated with the trauma memories. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an extensively researched, effective psychotherapy method proven to help people recover from trauma and PTSD symptoms. Ongoing research supports positive clinical outcomes showing EMDR therapy as a helpful treatment for disorders such as anxiety, depression, OCD, chronic pain, and other distressing life experiences (Maxfield, 2019). EMDR therapy has even been superior to Prozac in trauma treatment (Van der Kolk et al., 2007). Shapiro and Forrest (2016) share that more than 7 million people have been treated successfully by 110,000 therapists in 130 countries since 2016.

Visit the EMDR International Association for more information.